Search Operators

 
How do I use search operators in my searches?
 

When searching for books in HeritageQuest Online, you can use Boolean operators to search for multiple terms. When searching for multiple terms, Boolean operators (OR, AND, and AND NOT) and other operators (NEAR, FBY, and EXACT) are words that serve as search operators that allow you to designate the way HeritageQuest Online searches for your terms. The following are the operators you can use while searching HeritageQuest Online. Note that these words are NOT case-sensitive; ''EXACT'' works the same way as ''exact''.

  • EXACT - Placing ''exact'' before a search term will match that term exactly. For example, ''exact book'' will find matches on ''book'' only and not ''books'', ''bookkeeping'', etc. To match an exact phrase, the phrase should be enclosed in double quotes. For example, ''"women and history"'' will find matches with that exact phrase in them. . ''Exact'' only works on single words; to search for an exact phrase, enclose the phrase in parentheses: (women''s history).
  • NEAR - Used with two terms, ''near'' will find all matches of the two terms within 10 words of each other. To specify how many words can separate the two terms, include a number preceded by a colon after the ''near''. For example, ''women near:4 history'' will find all occurrences of ''women'' that are within four words of ''history''.
  • FBY - When you enter two terms, you can specify that your search should return results with your first term followed by your second term within 10 words. Like ''near'', you can specify how many words can separate the two terms, include a number preceded by a colon after the ''fby''.
  • AND - Using ''and'' retrieves results that include two or more terms that you have entered in the search field. For example, ''women and history'' retrieves all results with ''women'' and ''history'' in them; ''women and history and politics'' retrieves all results with ''women'', ''history'', and ''politics'' in them.
  • AND NOT - Using ''and not'' indicates that you want to retrieve results that include your first entered term but not the second. For example, ''women and not politics'' will retrieve results that include ''women'' but not ''politics''.
  • OR - ''Or'' will retrieve results that include either your first entered search term or your second. For example, a search on ''women or history'' will find results with ''women'' or ''history'' in them.

All of these words are reserved words; this means that you are not able to search for them unless you enclose them in double quotation marks. For example,searching on ''women and history'' will bring back results with ''women'' and ''history'' in them, while searching on ''women "and" history'' will bring back results with ''women'', ''and'', and ''history'' in them.

Note: All search fields are connected by the Boolean search term''and''. If you enter ''Annapolis'' in the Place Name(s) field and ''Smith'' in the Additional Keywords field, HeritageQuest Online will search for ''Annapolis'' and ''Smith''.